What is gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is the overdevelopment of breast tissue (breast) in men. It can occur bilaterally or unilaterally.


What are the causes of gynecomastia?

  • Physiological
  • Medicines
  • Marijuana
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Androgen receptor defects
  • Hypogonadism
  • Hyperprolactinemia
  • Testicular tumour
  • Tumour secreting hCG
  • Adrenal tumour
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Malnutrition

What are the symptoms and signs of gynecomastia?

The most common symptoms and signs are:

  • Asymptomatic
  • Pain
  • Sensitivity

How is gynecomastia diagnosed?

The diagnosis of gynecomastia is made through physical examination, while finding the cause requires history, blood and imaging tests. Depending on the findings, breast cancer should be ruled out.


What is the treatment of gynecomastia?

The treatment of gynecomastia depends on the cause, the time of its occurrence, its severity and the presence of symptoms. The treatment may be:

  • Discontinuation of the offending medicine
  • Monitoring
  • Treatment of the disease that causes it
  • Medical therapy
  • Surgery